Personnel Expenses and Employee Numbers

Personnel expenses for Continuing operations Sales and earnings reporting for continuing operations pertains only to business operations that are expected to remain in the company’s portfolio for the foreseeable future; opposite of discontinued operations. rose in 2017 by €69 million to €9,528 million (2016: €9,459 million). The change was mainly due to higher expenses in connection with compensation adjustments, which were partially offset by lower employee bonuses.

Personnel Expenses

 

 

2016

 

2017

 

 

€ million

 

€ million

2016 figures restated

Salaries

 

7,602

 

7,567

Social expenses and expenses for pensions and other benefits

 

1,857

 

1,961

of which for defined contribution pension plans

 

491

 

488

of which for defined benefit and other pension plans

 

389

 

445

Total

 

9,459

 

9,528

The personnel expenses shown here do not contain the interest portion of the allocation to personnel-related provisions – mainly for pensions and other post-employment benefits – which is included in the financial result under other financial expenses (Note “Financial Result”).

The average numbers of employees, classified by corporate function, were as shown in the table below:

Employees

 

 

2016

 

2017

2016 figures restated

Production

 

40,397

 

39,298

Marketing and distribution

 

37,270

 

37,147

Research and development

 

13,999

 

13,958

General administration

 

8,322

 

9,359

Total

 

99,988

 

99,762

Apprentices

 

1,998

 

1,918

The number of employees on either permanent or temporary contracts is stated in full-time equivalents (FTE), with part-time employees included on a pro-rated basis in line with their contractual working hours. The figures do not include apprentices.

Compare to Last Year