Five-Year Summary

 

 

2013

 

2014

 

2015

 

2016

 

2017

 

 

€ million

 

€ million

 

€ million

 

€ million

 

€ million

2016 figures restated; figures for 2013 – 2015 as last reported; Safety & Environmental Protection: prior years’ figures restated

1

For definitions of the indicators, see Chapter “Alternative Performance Measures Used by the Bayer Group.”

2

Group total 2016 including Covestro

3

Employees calculated as full-time equivalents (FTEs)

4

LoPC = Loss of Primary Containment; number of incidents in which chemicals leak from their primary container, such as pipelines, pumps, tanks or drums, per 200,000 working hours

5

Quotient of total energy consumption and external sales; Bayer excluding Currenta

6

Direct emissions from power plants, waste incinerators and production plants and indirect emissions from external supplies of electricity, steam and cooling (according to the market-based method); portfolio-adjusted in accordance with the GHG Protocol

7

Bayer excluding Currenta

Bayer Group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

 

40,157

 

41,339

 

46,085

 

34,943

 

35,015

EBITDA1

 

7,830

 

8,315

 

9,573

 

8,801

 

8,563

EBITDA before special items1

 

8,401

 

8,685

 

10,256

 

9,318

 

9,288

EBITDA margin before special items1

 

20.9%

 

21.0%

 

22.3%

 

26.7%

 

26.5%

EBIT1

 

4,934

 

5,395

 

6,241

 

5,738

 

5,903

EBIT before special items1

 

5,773

 

5,833

 

7,060

 

6,826

 

7,130

Income before income taxes

 

4,207

 

4,414

 

5,236

 

4,773

 

4,577

Net income (from continuing and discontinued operations)

 

3,189

 

3,426

 

4,110

 

4,531

 

7,336

Earnings per share (from continuing and discontinued operations) (€)1

 

3.86

 

4.14

 

4.97

 

5.44

 

8.41

Core earnings per share (from continuing operations) (€)1

 

5.61

 

5.89

 

6.82

 

6.67

 

6.74

Net cash provided by operating activities (from continuing and discontinued operations)

 

5,171

 

5,810

 

6,890

 

9,089

 

8,134

Net financial debt

 

6,731

 

19,612

 

17,449

 

11,778

 

3,595

Capital expenditures (as per segment table)2

 

2,155

 

2,484

 

2,554

 

2,627

 

2,418

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bayer AG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total dividend payment

 

1,737

 

1,861

 

2,067

 

2,233

 

2,315

Dividend per share (€)

 

2.10

 

2.25

 

2.50

 

2.70

 

2.80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Innovation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development expenses

 

3,406

 

3,537

 

4,274

 

4,405

 

4,504

Ratio of R&D expenses to sales – Pharmaceuticals (%)

 

15.8

 

15.6

 

16.0

 

16.7

 

16.2

Ratio of R&D expenses to sales – Crop Science (%)

 

9.8

 

10.3

 

10.7

 

11.7

 

11.7

Employees in research and development

 

13,509

 

13,900

 

14,753

 

14,213

 

14,041

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of employees3 (Dec. 31)

 

112,400

 

117,400

 

116,600

 

99,592

 

99,820

Personnel expenses (including pension expenses) (€ million)

 

9,430

 

9,693

 

11,176

 

9,459

 

9,528

Proportion of women in senior management (%)

 

25

 

26

 

28

 

31

 

32

Proportion of employees with health insurance (%)

 

95

 

96

 

96

 

98

 

98

Fluctuation (voluntary / total) (%)

 

5.5 / 14.0

 

4.8 / 11.4

 

5.0 / 13.9

 

4.8 / 13.2

 

4.8 / 10.4

Hours of vocational and ongoing training per employee

 

17.8

 

18.0

 

20.0

 

23.0

 

23.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Safety & Environmental Protection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recordable Incident Rate for Bayer employees (RIR)

 

0.49

 

0.44

 

0.43

 

0.40

 

0.45

Loss of Primary Containment Incident Rate (LoPC-IR)4

 

0.16

 

0.13

 

0.11

 

0.17

 

0.13

Total energy consumption (terajoules)

 

27,972

 

26,288

 

24,677

 

26,243

 

25,832

Energy efficiency (kWh / €1,000 external sales)5

 

171

 

154

 

143

 

130

 

125

Total greenhouse gas emissions (CO2 equivalents in million t)6

 

4.40

 

4.06

 

4.62

 

4.64

 

3.63

Specific greenhouse gas emissions (CO2 equivalents in kg / €1,000 external sales), according to the market-based method7

 

52.18

 

46.84

 

55.70

 

48.45

 

46.26

Water use (million m3)

 

117

 

104

 

110

 

93

 

98

Compare to Last Year